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Braids and factorizable inverse monoids
chapterposted on 2023-05-28, 00:13 authored by Easdown, D, East, J, FitzGerald, DG
What is the untangling effect on a braid if one is allowed to snip a string, or if two specified strings are allowed to pass through each other, or even allowed to merge and part as newly reconstituted strings? To calculate the effects, one works in an appropriate factorizable inverse monoid, some aspects of a general theory of which are discussed in this paper. The coset monoid of a group arises, and turns out to have a universal property within a certain class of factorizable inverse monoids. This theory is dual to the classical construction of fundamental inverse semigroups from semilattices. In our braid examples, we will focus mainly on the ``merge and part'' alternative, and introduce a monoid which is a natural preimage of the largest factorizable inverse submonoid of the dual symmetric inverse monoid on a finite set, and prove that it embeds in the coset monoid of the braid group.
Publication titleSemigroups and languages: Proceedings of the Workshop Semigroups and Languages, Lisboa, Portugal, 27 - 29 November 2002
PublisherWorld Scientific Press