University of Tasmania
151574 - Challenges of simulation training for future.pdf (2.51 MB)

Challenges of Simulation Training for Future Engineering Seafarers - A Qualitative Case Study

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posted on 2023-05-22, 20:03 authored by Gholam Reza EmadGholam Reza Emad, Aditi KatariaAditi Kataria
Maritime transportation is currently in a transitional period to an impending autonomous future. To that end, novel technologies are increasingly being introduced on-board ships and their engine rooms. At the same time, advancements in digitalization and automation are progressively replacing and reducing the number of marine engineers on-board. Consequently, with increasing automation in machinery spaces and unmanned engine rooms, the role of the marine engineers has been altered to that of monitoring and oversight. The substantial changes in the nature of tools and job description of the marine engineers necessitate the re-assessment and revision of their training and pedagogy. Currently, the simulator is a powerful tool in the training and development of marine operators. Although the literature review reveals some interest in marine engineering simulation training, however, there is a lack of attention to remote and cloud-based simulation training as part of blended learning. This study reveals that imparting marine engineering simulation training online is not free from challenges. This study reports the findings from a qualitative study of marine engineering simulation training, conducted as part of a larger ethnographic study on developing maritime competence. The study utilizes the socio-historical, context-dependent framework of the Activity System (AS) to analyze marine engineering simulation training. The study reveals issues with cloud-based marine engineering simulation training. Firstly, cloud-based training is not seamless to access. Secondly, not all features present in the desktop simulation are present in the cloud version. Thirdly the cloud-based platform affords limited feedback in comparison to the desktop version. Fourthly, cloud-based simulation training does not support peer learning. An understanding of the challenges of cloud-based marine engineering simulation training will help address these concerns. Furthermore, it will facilitate the competence development of marine engineers as they work in increasingly automated workspaces in the transition to autonomous ship operations.


Publication title

Human Factors in Transportation




K Plant and G Praetoriu






Australian Maritime College


AHFE International

Place of publication

New York



Rights statement

Copyright 2022 AHFE Open Access

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Professional development and adult education; International sea freight transport (excl. live animals, food products and liquefied gas)