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Innovation surveys and policy: lessons from the CIS
chapterposted on 2023-05-27, 23:50 authored by Arundel, A, Bordoy, C, Mohnen, P, Smith, K
Up until the 1980s, innovation research was largely limited to case studies or to data on the creation of new knowledge, as measured by R&D investments, scientific publications, patented inventions, and the stock of scientists and engineers. The dominant perspective viewed innovation as synonyinous with R&D based creative activities to develop technical inventions. Theories of innovation were frequently based on science-push models in which inputs of R&D or scientists led to outputs of publications or patents.
Publication titleInnovation policy in Europe: measurement and strategy
Place of publicationCheltenham
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