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chapterposted on 2023-05-22, 11:43 authored by Solomon, S, Qin, D, Manning, M, Alley, RB, Berntsen, T, Nathaniel BindoffNathaniel Bindoff, Chen, Z, Chidthaisong, A, Gregory, JM, Hegerl, GC, Heimann, M, Hewitson, B, Hoskins, BJ, Joos, F, Jouzel, J, Kattsov, V, Lohmann, U, Matsuno, T, Molina, M, Nicholls, N, Overpeck, G, Raga, G, Ramaswamy, V, Ren, J, Rusticucci, M, Somerville, R, Stocker, TF, Whetton, P, Wood, RA, Wratt, D
In the six years since the IPCC's Third Assessment Report (TAR), significant progress has been made in understanding past and recent climate change and in projecting future changes. These advances have arisen from large amounts of new data, more sophisticated analyses of data, improvements in the understanding and simulation of physical processes in climate models and more extensive exploration of uncertainty ranges in model results. The increased confidence in climate science provided by these developments is evident in this Working Group I contribution to the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report. While this report provides new and important policy-relevant information on the scientific understanding of climate change, the complexity of the climate system and the multiple interactions that determine its behaviour impose limitations on our ability to understand fully the future course of Earth's global climate. There is still an incomplete physical understanding of many components of the climate system and their role in climate change. Key uncertainties include aspects of the roles played by clouds, the cryosphere, the oceans, land use and couplings between climate and biogeochemical cycles. The areas of science covered in this report continue to undergo rapid progress and it should be recognised that the present assessment reflects scientific understanding based on the peer-reviewed literature available in mid-2006.
Publication titleClimate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group 1 to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
EditorsS Solomon, D Qin, M Manning, M Marquis, KB Averyt, M Tignor, HL Miller and Z Chen
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
PublisherCambridge University Press
Place of publicationCambridge, UK and NY, USA