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Effects of appendages on underwater vehicles
Depending on mission requirements, underwater vehicles are designed and configured with a number of appendages. These include appendages for stability and manoeuvring control, sensors, propulsion, payloads, equipment, etc. The collective arrangement of these appendages are generally detrimental to the drag of the vehicle, and in many cases can result in out-of-plane forces that can affect the trajectory and attitude of the vehicle, that in turn can affect its operational capability and safety.
Therefore, when designing underwater vehicles, it is important to identify and quantify the effects from these appendages, and design the vehicle and the appendage configuration to minimise the detrimental effects from these surfaces. Care should also be taken during operations, as the operator should be aware of these effects on the behaviour of the vehicle, especially in non-standard and off-design operational conditions. These include the location of the forward and aft control surfaces on its manoeuvring and propulsion characteristics, effects of the sail on the flow structure around the vehicle, effects of the flow on sensors, etc. Thus, the location and sizing of the appendages are important, although the final configuration is not totally dependent on the hydrodynamic characteristics. This paper provides some guidance on the sizing, locations, and shapes of common appendages on a typical underwater vehicle.
Publication titleBook of abstracts of the 10th International Research Conference of General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University
EditorsKMGP Premadasa, WLPK Wijesinghe. AMTN Adikari, DDTK Kulathunga, JI Abeygoonewardene
Department/SchoolAustralian Maritime College
PublisherGeneral Sir John Kotelawala Defence University
Place of publicationSri Lanka
Event title10th International Research Conference of General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University
Event VenueRatmalana, Sri Lanka
Date of Event (Start Date)2017-08-03
Date of Event (End Date)2017-08-04