University Of Tasmania

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Local capacity building through transformational learning – PNG case study

conference contribution
posted on 2023-05-23, 12:08 authored by Palaniappan, G, Lawrence BonneyLawrence Bonney, Birch, C, Chambers, B, Seta-Waken, P, Benny, D, Malie, R, Wesis, P, Utama, P
Small-scale farmers in Papua New Guinea (PNG) have long practiced subsistence farming that involves simple, labour intensive technologies using limited capital and few purchased inputs, and continue to do so due to poor transport infrastructure and lack of market information. Consequently, productivity, income and return on labour have been low leading to poverty and food insecurity. In this study, the traditional approach of improving farm income by increasing production and productivity solely through technical capacity building of small farm was not followed. Instead a mixed method approach was used by establishing value chains, and engaging links in the chain involved in production, processing, transport, marketing and consumption and by using visual methods of identifying training needs of small landholders to enhance their capacity to participate. The challenges that small landholders faced were identified in a training needs workshop, using visual ethnographic techniques. Specific training needs were identified as horticulture production, business management and marketing. Small landholders from the Central Province were trained to improve their capability to capitalize on opportunities in the value chain. This paper focuses on transformational learning theory and methods that contributes to instrumental (skills and knowledge) learning and communicative understanding (about values and beliefs), and how it was applied in the socio-economic context of PNG.


Publication title

Acta Horticulturae




R McConchie, B Jones, J Stanley, P Batt, R Drew






Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)


International Society for Horticultural Science

Place of publication


Event title

XXIX International Horticultural Congress on Horticulture: Sustaining Lives, Livelihoods and Landscapes: Plenary Sessions of IHC2014 and VII International Symposium on Education, Research Training and Consultancy

Event Venue

Brisbane, Australia

Date of Event (Start Date)


Date of Event (End Date)


Rights statement

© ISHS 2016

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Other education and training not elsewhere classified