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North-south anisotropy of galactic cosmic rays observed with the Global Muon Detector Network (GMDN)

conference contribution
posted on 2023-05-23, 18:23 authored by Munakata, K, Kozai, M, Kato, C, Kuwabara, T, Rockenbach, M, Dal Lago, A, Schuch, NJ, Al Jassar, HK, Sharma, MM, Marcus DuldigMarcus Duldig, John Humble, Bieber, JW, Evenson, P, Sabbah, I, Tokumaru, M
We analyze the north-south anisotropy (NSA) of galactic cosmic rays observed with the GMDN on an hourly basis and compare with the anisotropy derived from the GG-component of a large multidirectional muon detector at Nagoya, Japan. The NSA is a component of the three dimensional anisotropy vector parallel to the Earth’s rotation axis. We find a significant seasonal variation of the NSA from the GG-component indicating the influence of the anisotropy component in the ecliptic plane to the NSA. We calculate the average and standard deviation of daily mean NSAs in the “toward” (T) and “away” (A) IMF sectors separately in each Carrington Rotation between December 1993 and November 2014. It is confirmed that the temporal variations of the NSA observed with the GMDN and GG-component are consistent with each other, as reported earlier. We find the T-A separation between average NSAs in T and A sectors shows a long-term variation with minima (maxima) around the solar activity minima (maxima). The standard deviation in each rotation also shows a similar long-term variation, keeping the ratio of T-A separation to the standard deviation roughly constant thorough out an entire period of analysis. We discuss this in relation with the “success rate” which is introduced as a parameter indicating to what extent we can infer the IMF sector polarity from the sign of the observed NSA.


Publication title

Proceedings of Science






School of Natural Sciences


Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (S I S S A),International School of Advanced Studies

Place of publication


Event title

34th International Cosmic Ray Conference (ICRC 2015)

Event Venue

The Hague, Netherlands

Date of Event (Start Date)


Date of Event (End Date)


Repository Status

  • Restricted

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