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On a lookout beyond STCW: Seeking standards and context for the authentic assessment of seafarers

conference contribution
posted on 2023-05-23, 09:28 authored by Samrat GhoshSamrat Ghosh, Marcus Bowles, Susantha RanmuthugalaSusantha Ranmuthugala, Benjamin BrooksBenjamin Brooks
The Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping Convention (STCW) amendments in 1995 intended to improve the knowledge-based training mandate established in STCW’78 by making it outcome-based. This required seafarer students undertake competence assessment (or outcome of training received) to demonstrate their capacity to perform tasks listed in the STCW Code. This necessitates that students direct their learning efforts to the attainment of clearly stated expectations that, typically, are represented by learning outcomes based on the STCW competencies. Maritime Education and Training (MET) providers working under the directives of the National Maritime Regulators interpret the STCW requirements to develop the seafarer training curriculum and the resulting learning outcomes, to assure that students attain the minimum standards of competence established by the STCW. This paper will review and argue that different ideas as to ‘outcomes’ has been confusing the interpretation of STCW and, therefore, how seafarer students are being assessed. Critically, a review of specific excerpts from the STCW Code will be used to show that the Code largely fails to provide a ‘standard’ that can assure assessment of seafarers to one of the most critical outcomes: the performance expected at a level of work in the industry. A short review of the inherent characteristics of authentic assessment is provided in justification of its use as an alternate and optimal solution to improve current assessment practices and respond to stakeholder needs. The paper will point to an evidence-based way forward where future research will empirically investigate how authentic assessment can improve the STCW and the resulting training outcomes


Publication title

IAMU AGA 15 Looking Ahead Innovation in Maritime Education, Training and Research


D Ranmuthugala & B Lewarn


77 - 86




Australian Maritime College


Australian Maritime College

Place of publication

Tasmania, Australia

Event title

15th Annual general assembly International Association of Maritime Universities

Event Venue

Australian Maritime College, Launceston, Tasmania

Date of Event (Start Date)


Date of Event (End Date)


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Copyright unknown

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Management, resources and leadership

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    University Of Tasmania