University Of Tasmania
113216 RODA.pdf (721.73 kB)

The role of employment/training and its relationship to crime-free living through the voices of former Australian inmates

Download (721.73 kB)
conference contribution
posted on 2023-05-23, 11:40 authored by J-F, Gillies, R, Caroll, A, Karen SwabeyKaren Swabey, Darren PullenDarren Pullen
This study explores employment/training experiences of adult Australian ex-inmates living crime-free. Little is known in terms of how employment/training comes to assist ex-inmates in living crime-free and, equally, what role employment/training has played in the lives of ex-inmates prior to and during incarceration. Integrating both qualitative and quantitative methods, employment/training was measured at pre-incarceration, during incarceration and post-incarceration to explore its relationship with crime-free living. All participants (n = 20) reported having employment prior to incarceration, but only a quarter reported that it was stable and secure. Participants also reported having ad hoc jobs during incarceration with less than one-fifth having post-prison employment. However, for a small group of participants who persisted with employment/training, they reported increased self-esteem. They also reported that employment/training was an informal social control alongside inherent social incentives of being a productive citizen. Therefore, employment may perhaps be a notable catalyst for successful transition/reintegration for those ex-inmates who actively seek out and persist with it. Importantly, over half of the participants reported that employment was not related to recidivism and/or safeguarding them from re-offending or in living crime-free.


Publication title

Proceedings of the 2016 Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference


M Baguley






Faculty of Education


Australian Association for Research in Education

Place of publication


Event title

Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2016: transforming education research

Event Venue

Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Date of Event (Start Date)


Date of Event (End Date)


Rights statement

Copyright 2016 the Authors

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Learner and learning not elsewhere classified

Usage metrics

    University Of Tasmania