University of Tasmania

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Using textual paralinguistic cues and multimodal delivery in online assessment feedback: Do faces speak louder than words?

conference contribution
posted on 2023-05-25, 01:06 authored by Moffitt, RL, Rachel Grieve, Christine PadgettChristine Padgett
This study investigated whether the use of paralinguistic cues and multimedia in online assessment feedback influenced reactions to the marker and the feedback. Data were collected from undergraduate students (N = 297) enrolled at two Australian universities. All participants were presented with an online faux essay along with written feedback typical of the comments students would receive in higher education. The feedback was manipulated using a 2 (emoji: no, yes) × 3 (medium: written-only, written plus audio, and written plus audio-visual) between-groups design. The results revealed that, for written-only feedback, the inclusion of emoji resulted in lower perceptions of marker professionalism, conscientiousness, and emotional stability. However, participants also rated the marker higher in honesty-humility when emoji were included in written-only feedback. Levels of engagement with feedback processes moderated feedback satisfaction; satisfaction was higher with the absence than presence of emoji among those less engaged, whereas satisfaction was higher with the presence versus absence of emoji among those more engaged. Findings suggest that paralinguistic emotional cues, mode of feedback delivery, and engagement with assessment processes interact to influence reactions to online feedback.


Publication title

2019 AusPLAT - Australian Psychology Learning and Teaching Conference


University Services

Event title

2019 AusPLAT - Australian Psychology Learning and Teaching Conference

Event Venue

Melbourne, Australia

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  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Learner and learning not elsewhere classified; Teaching and instruction technologies

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