mcdo_holb_2004b.pdf (1.39 MB)
A Poisson regression model approach to predicting tropical cyclogenesis in the Australian/southwest Pacific Ocean region using the SOI and saturated equivalent potential temperature gradient as predictors
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 21:58 authored by McDonnell, KA, Neil HolbrookNeil Holbrook
This paper explores the potential of the Southern Oscillation index (SOI) in combination with the saturated equivalent potential temperature gradient (EPT) as predictors of tropical cyclogenesis in the Australian/southwest Pacific Ocean. This is undertaken using a series of Poisson regression models of tropical cyclogenesis developed on a 2Â°latitude Ã— 5Â°longitude and monthly grid. Links between tropical cyclogenesis and the predictors are investigated, with the most significant models cross-validated, and the skill of their hindcasts evaluated. The September lead SOI-only Poisson regression model provided skillful predictions of the temporal variability of tropical cyclogenesis across the entire region, with a root-mean-square error 22% better than climatology. The combination SOI and EPT model adds spatial skill and further improves temporal skill. Temporal skill is best in the Eastern subregion (western tropical Pacific) (significant correlations with observations at âˆ¼99% level), while spatial skill is best elsewhere. Copyright 2004 by the American Geophysical Union.
Publication titleGeophysical Research Letters
Department/SchoolSchool of Geography, Planning and Spatial Sciences
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
Place of publicationUnited States