90621 Journal Article_Awadalla.pdf (465.85 kB)
A cross-ethnicity investigation of genes previously implicated in primary angle closure glaucoma
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 23:48 authored by Awadalla, MS, Kathryn BurdonKathryn Burdon, Thapa, SS, Alexander HewittAlexander Hewitt, Craig, JE
Purpose: To investigate the underlying genetic variation between candidate genes and primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) in both Nepalese and Australian populations. Methods: A total of 213 patients with PACG (106 Nepalese and 107 Australian) and 492 age and sex matched controls (204 Nepalese and 288 Australian) were included in the current study. Three candidate genes were selected; methyltetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR), calcitonin receptor-like receptor gene (CALCRL), and membrane frizzled-related protein (MFRP). Tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were selected and genotyped to capture the majority of common variation across each locus. Allele and haplotype analyses were conducted using PLINK. Results: SNPs in the nanophthalmos gene MFRP were found to be nominally associated with PACG under the allelic model. Two SNPs were associated in the Australian cohort (rs948414; p=0.02 and rs36015759; p=0.02), and a single SNP in the Nepalese cohort (rs10790289; p=0.03), however these SNPs failed to remain significant after adjustment for sex and age. A haplotype at the CALCRL gene (AATACAGAT) was associated in the Australian cohort (corrected pvalue= 0.024). No association was observed in either cohort for MTHFR. Conclusions: This study implicates genetic variation at the CALCRL gene in the pathogenesis of PACG in an Australian Caucasian cohort. Additionally, the MFRP gene shows tendency to be associated with PACG in both the Australian and Nepalese cohorts. Further investigation in a larger cohort is warranted to confirm these findings. No statistically significant associations were identified between MTHFR and PACG in either population.
Publication titleMolecular Vision
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
Place of publicationC/O Jeff Boatright, Lab B, 5500 Emory Eye Center, 1327 Clifton Rd, N E, Atlanta, USA, Ga, 30322
Rights statementCopyright 2012 Molecular Vision-available with a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives License 3.0, or CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 (see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/ for license terms)