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A metric for spatially explicit contributions to science-based species targets

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 03:12 authored by Mair, L, Bennun, LA, Thomas BrooksThomas Brooks, Butchart, SHM, Bolam, FC, Burgess, ND, Ekstrom, JMM, Milner-Gulland, EJ, Hoffmann, M, Ma, K, Macfarlane, NBW, Raimondo, DC, Rodrigues, ASL, Shen, X, Strassburg, BBN, Beatty, CR, Gomez-Creutzberg, C, Iribarrem, A, Irmadhiany, M, Lacerda, E, Mattos, BC, Parakkasi, K, Tognelli, MF, Bennett, EL, Bryan, C, Carbone, G, Chaudhary, A, Eiselin, M, da Fonseca, GAB, Galt, R, Geschke, A, Glew, L, Goedicke, R, Green, JMH, Gregory, RD, Hill, SLL, Hole, DG, Hughes, J, Hutton, J, Keijzer, MPW, Navarro, LM, Nic Lughadha, E, Plumptre, AJ, Puydarrieux, P, Possingham, HP, Rankovic, A, Regan, EC, Rondinini, C, Schneck, JD, Siikamaki, J, Sendashonga, C, Seutin, G, Sinclair, S, Skowno, AL, Soto-Navarro, CA, Stuart, SN, Temple, HJ, Vallier, A, Verones, F, Viana, LR, Watson, J, Bezeng, S, Bohm, M, Burfield, IJ, Clausnitzer, V, Clubbe, C, Cox, NA, Freyhof, J, Gerber, LR, Hilton-Taylor, C, Jenkins, R, Joolia, A, Joppa, LN, Koh, LP, Lacher, TE, Langhammer, PF, Long, B, Mallon, D, Pacifici, M, Polidoro, BA, Pollock, CM, Rivers, MC, Roach, NS, Rodriguez, JP, Smart, J, Young, BE, Hawkins, F, McGowan, PJK
The Convention on Biological Diversity’s post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework will probably include a goal to stabilize and restore the status of species. Its delivery would be facilitated by making the actions required to halt and reverse species loss spatially explicit. Here, we develop a species threat abatement and restoration (STAR) metric that is scalable across species, threats and geographies. STAR quantifies the contributions that abating threats and restoring habitats in specific places offer towards reducing extinction risk. While every nation can contribute towards halting biodiversity loss, Indonesia, Colombia, Mexico, Madagascar and Brazil combined have stewardship over 31% of total STAR values for terrestrial amphibians, birds and mammals. Among actions, sustainable crop production and forestry dominate, contributing 41% of total STAR values for these taxonomic groups. Key Biodiversity Areas cover 9% of the terrestrial surface but capture 47% of STAR values. STAR could support governmental and non-state actors in quantifying their contributions to meeting science-based species targets within the framework.


Publication title

Nature Ecology and Evolution










Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies


Nature Publishing Group

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited 2021

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Terrestrial biodiversity

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