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A novel ion chromatographic method based on cation-exchange and acid-base interactions for the simultaneous determination of total alkalinity and monovalent cations in samples of mu l volume

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-16, 12:56 authored by Hu, W, Paul HaddadPaul Haddad, Hasebe, K, Tanaka, K
An ion chromatographic (IC) method based on the use of titrant (strong acid) as the stationary phase was developed for simultaneous determination of total alkalinity (TA) and monovalent cations. The titrant used in this study was obtained by initially loading lithium dodecylsulfate (Li-DS) onto a reversed-phase material and then conditioning the column with a slightly acidified aqueous LiCl solution (a mixture of 50.0 mM LiCl and 0.1 mM H2SO4). When a small amount of a basic sample was injected onto a column prepared in this way, the basic species (Bn2) reacted predominantly with H+ on the stationary phase and the reaction with the eluent phase was negligible due to the very low concentration of eluent H+ (in the eluent, a molar ratio of [Li+]/[H+] = 250 + 1 applied). The stationary phase H+ consumed in the acid–base reaction was then re-supplied by H+ from the eluent. By monitoring the conductance of the eluent using conductivity, an induced peak resulting from the basic species was observed. Calibration graphs of peak areas vs. molar concentration of the basic species for OH2, HCO32 and H2PO42 were found to be identical. CO3 22, HPO4 22, and B4O7 22 also gave identical calibration curves but their slope values were twice those for HCO32. The detection limit for HCO32 was less than 3.2 μM and the calibration curve was linear up to 12.3 mM (injection volume, 100 μL). Seawater was directly analyzed and its total alkalinity was found to be 2.87 mM (RSD 0.53%, n = 5), which was in good agreement with the result of 2.88 mM (RSD 3.2%, n = 5) obtained using auto-potentiometric titration. Na+ and K+ were determined simultaneously and the concentrations were 481.6 and 10.6 mM, respectively.


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School of Natural Sciences


Royal Society of Chemistry

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Cambridge, UK

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Copyright © 2001 Royal Society of Chemistry

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