University of Tasmania

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A study on time constraints and task deviations at sea leading to accidents - a cultural-historical perspective

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 00:38 authored by Rajapakse, A, Gholam Reza EmadGholam Reza Emad, Lutzhoft, M, Grech, M
The high frequency of maritime accidents and incidents occurring at sea has been a major challenge for the maritime industry in the last decades. The majority of these accidents are attributed to seafarers’ poor performance. This, despite the fact that the international maritime domain continues to adopt and update conventions regulating maritime safety to mitigate these accidents from occurring. In this paper, utilizing a qualitative research approach, we show through a socio-cultural contextual perspective that time constraints as a major influencing factor in causing task deviations at sea which leads to dangerous situations. We analyse how some of the present barriers in place to prevent accidents at sea are in effect prompt seafarers who are working under time pressure to deviate from their task. Moreover, the paper discusses the social constituents such as job insecurity and the seafarers’ viewpoint towards the ship operators’ commitment to safe ship operations are crucial in motivating seafarers’ deviating from the task at hand when faced with time pressure.


Publication title

Maritime Policy and Management










Australian Maritime College



Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

© 2019 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Coastal sea freight transport; International sea freight transport (excl. live animals, food products and liquefied gas)