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A two-step approach to quantify photothermal effects on pre-flowering rice phenology

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-17, 18:59 authored by Awan, MI, van Oort, PAJ, Bastiaans, L, van der Putten, PEL, Yin, X, Holger Meinke
Decreasing water availability for rice based systems resulted in the introduction of water saving production systems such as aerobic rice and alternate wetting-drying technology. To further improve resource use efficiency in these systems, water management should be attuned to critical growth stages, requiring accurate prediction of crop phenology. Photoperiod-sensitivity of aerobic rice genotypes complicates the estimation of the parameters characterizing phenological development and hence impairs predictions. To overcome this complication, we followed a two-step approach: 1) the photoperiod response was determined in growth chambers, through a reciprocal transfer experiment with variable day length, conducted at a fixed temperature, and consecutively, 2) the temperature response was studied by combining the obtained photoperiod parameters with data from field experiments. All four aerobic rice genotypes tested exhibited strong photoperiod-sensitivity. Durations of basic vegetative phase (BVP) i.e. when plants are still insensitive to photoperiod, photoperiod-sensitive phase (PSP), and post-PSP (PPP) varied among genotypes. The temperature response of the genotypes was explored by combining phenological observations in the reciprocal transfer experiment with observations in two field experiments. The temperature range in the field experiments was too narrow to obtain convergence to a unique set of temperature response parameters, regardless whether a bilinear or a beta model was used. Sensitivity analysis however provided clear arguments in support of the recent doubts on the validity of a commonly used set of cardinal temperatures for rice phenology. Using standard cardinal temperatures overestimated the rate of development at temperatures below 31 °C. This finding stresses the need for experiments on rice phenology under a wider range of temperatures.

History

Publication title

Field Crops Research

Volume

155

Pagination

14-22

ISSN

0378-4290

Department/School

Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture (TIA)

Publisher

Elsevier Science Bv

Place of publication

Po Box 211, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 1000 Ae

Rights statement

Copyright 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Rice

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