Absolute Calibration of TOPEX/Poseidon and Jason-1 Using GPS Buoys in Bass Strait, Australia
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 14:33 authored by Christopher WatsonChristopher Watson, Richard ColemanRichard Coleman, White, N, Church, J, Govind, R
An absolute calibration of the TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P) and Jason-1 altimeters has been undertaken during the dedicated calibration phase of the Jason-1 mission, in Bass Strait, Australia. The present study incorporates several improvements to the earlier calibration methodology used for Bass Strait, namely the use of GPS buoys and the determination of absolute bias in a purely geometrical sense, without the necessity of estimating a marine geoid. This article focuses on technical issues surrounding the GPS buoy methodology for use in altimeter calibration studies. We present absolute bias estimates computed solely from the GPS buoy deployments and derive formal uncertainty estimates for bias calculation from a single overflight at the 40-45 mm level. Estimates of the absolute bias derived from the GPS buoys is -10 Â± 19 mm for T/P and + 147 Â± 21 mm for Jason-1 (MOE orbit) and + 131 Â± 21 mm for Jason-1 (GPS orbit). Considering the estimated error budget, our bias values are equivalent to other determinations from the dedicated NASA and CNES calibration sites.
Publication titleMarine Geodesy
Department/SchoolSchool of Geography, Planning and Spatial Sciences
PublisherTaylor & Francis Inc
Place of publicationUnited States