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Age trends in genetic parameters for growth and wood density in Eucalyptus globulus
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 01:05 authored by Stackpole, DJ, Rene VaillancourtRene Vaillancourt, de Aguigar, M, Bradley PottsBradley Potts
Genetic parameters for stem diameter and wood density were compared at selection (4–5 years) and harvest (16–17 years) age in an open-pollinated progeny trial of Eucalyptus globulus in Tasmania (Australia). The study examined 514 families collected from 17 subraces of E. globulus. Wood density was assessed on a subsample of trees indirectly using pilodyn penetration at both ages and directly by core basic density at harvest age. Significant additive genetic variance and narrow-sense heritabilities (h2 op) were detected for all traits. Univariate and multivariate estimates of heritabilities were similar for each trait except harvest-age diameter. Comparable univariate estimates of selection- and harvest-age heritabilities for diameter masked changes in genetic architecture that occurred with stand development, whereby the loss of additive genetic variance through size-dependent mortality was countered by the accentuation of additive genetic differences among survivors with age. Regardless, the additive genetic (ra) and subrace (rs) correlations across ages were generally high for diameter (0.95 and 0.61, respectively) and pilodyn penetration (0.77 and 0.96), as were the correlations of harvestage core basic density with selection- and harvest-age pilodyn (ra −0.83, −0.88; rs −0.96, −0.83). While rs between diameter and pilodyn were close to zero at both ages, there was a significant change in ra from adverse at selection age (0.25) to close to zero (−0.07) at harvest age. We argue that this change in the genetic correlation reflects a decoupling of the genetic association of growth and wood density with age. This result highlights the need to validate the use of selection-age genetic parameters for predicting harvest-age breeding values.
Publication titleTree Genetics & Genomes
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
Place of publicationGermany
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