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Alterations in regional myocardial deformation assessed by strain imaging in cardiac amyloidosis
METHODS: A total of 43 AL amyloidosis patients were compared to age-matched normals and hypertensive patients (HT). Subgroup analysis within the amyloid group was performed based on LV wall thickness (≤14 mm, >14 mm) and diastolic dysfunction (DD) (Group 1: normal and impaired relaxation, Group 2: pseudonormal, Group 3: restrictive). LV strain (longitudinal, circumferential, and radial strain (S) and strain rate [Sr]) were measured using velocity vector imaging (VVI).
RESULTS: Increased LV wall thickness and DD were observed in the amyloid group. Global longitudinal (-13.9±4.1% vs -16.7±3.8%; P=.002) and radial (27.4±13.4% vs 38.8±15.7%; P<.001) strain were lower in the amyloid group vs normal controls, while circumferential strain was similar. Segmental analysis demonstrated reduced mid- and basal segmental strain with relative sparing of apical segments in the amyloid group. Reduced longitudinal and radial strain, with preserved circumferential strain, were observed in patients with wall thickness >14 mm; however, circumferential strain was also altered when severe DD (restrictive filling) was present.
CONCLUSION: Reduction in longitudinal and radial S and Sr was evident using VVI strain analysis in amyloidosis, with segmental heterogeneity in longitudinal S. There was relative preservation of circumferential strain, which was reduced only in patients with severe DD.
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statement© 2016, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.