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Analyzing system safety and risks under uncertainty using a bow-tie diagram: An innovative approach
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-18, 03:09 authored by Ferdous, R, Faisal KhanFaisal Khan, Sadiq, R, Amyotte, P, Veitch, B
A bow-tie diagram combines a fault tree and an event tree to represent the risk control parameters on a common platform for mitigating an accident. Quantitative analysis of a bow-tie is still a major challenge since it follows the traditional assumptions of fault and event tree analyses. The assumptions consider the crisp probabilities and "independent" relationships for the input events. The crisp probabilities for the input events are often missing or hard to come by, which introduces data uncertainty. The assumption of "independence" introduces model uncertainty. Elicitation of expert's knowledge for the missing data may provide an alternative; however, such knowledge incorporates uncertainties and may undermine the credibility of risk analysis. This paper attempts to accommodate the expert's knowledge to overcome missing data and incorporate fuzzy set and evidence theory to assess the uncertainties. Further, dependency coefficient-based fuzzy and evidence theory approaches have been developed to address the model uncertainty for bow-tie analysis. In addition, a method of sensitivity analysis is proposed to predict the most contributing input events in the bow-tie analysis. To demonstrate the utility of the approaches in industrial application, a bow-tie diagram of the BP Texas City accident is developed and analyzed. Â© 2011 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.
Publication titleProcess Safety and Environmental Protection
Department/SchoolAustralian Maritime College
PublisherInst Chemical Engineers
Place of publication165-189 Railway Terrace, Davis Bldg, Rugby, England, Cv21 3Br