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Anti-tissue factor pathway inhibitor activity in subjects with antiphospholipid syndrome is associated with increased thrombin generation

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posted on 2023-05-25, 23:21 authored by Adams, MJ, Breckler, L, Stevens, P, Thom, J, Baker, RI, Oostryck, R
Background and Objectives. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) fractions from subjects with antiphospholipid syndrome (aPS) have previously been demonstrated to have inhibitory activity against tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI). This may contribute to the development of a prothrombotic state by impaired regulation of the tissue factor (TF) pathway. This study investigated the effect that IgG fractions from aPS subjects containing anti-TFPI activity have on in vitro TF-induced thrombin generation. Design and Methods. TFPI and anti-TFPI activities were determined in normal controls (n=29) and aPS subjects (n=57). TFPI activity was determined using an amidolytic assay based on the generation of factor Xa. Anti-TFPI activity was determined after incubating IgG isolated from a control or subject plasma with pooled normal plasma, using the TFPI activity assay. The influence of IgG fractions from controls (n=10) and subjects (n=23) on TF-induced in vitro thrombin generation was determined using a chromogenic assay of thrombin activity. Results. TFPI activity in controls (1.13 +/- 0.25 U/mL) was significantly lower than in subjects (1.30 +/- 0.42 U/mL) (p < 0.05). Anti-TFPI activity was significantly higher in subjects than controls (p = 0.0001). TF-induced thrombin generation was positively associated with anti-TFPI activity (r = 0.356; p > 0.05), with increased levels of each demonstrated in 5 subjects. Interpretations and Conclusions. Anti-TFPI activity was confirmed in 65% of aPS subjects. IgG fractions demonstrated a variable ability to interfere with TFPI function and TFinduced thrombin generation. Cross-reacting antiphospholipid antibodies and/or other entities may interfere with TFPI function, resulting in a net increase in thrombin generation and an increased thrombotic risk.

History

Publication title

Haematologica

Volume

89

Article number

8

Number

8

Pagination

895-990

Publication status

  • Published

Repository Status

  • Open

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