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Arabidopsis peroxisomal malate dehydrogenase functions in β-oxidation but not in the glyoxylate cycle

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 11:21 authored by Pracharoenwattana, I, Cornah, JE, Steven SmithSteven Smith
The aim was to determine the function of peroxisomal NAD+-malate dehydrogenase (PMDH) in fatty acid β-oxidation and the glyoxylate cycle in Arabidopsis. Seeds in which both PMDH genes are disrupted by T-DNA insertions germinate, but seedling establishment is dependent on exogenous sugar. Mutant seedlings mobilize their triacylglycerol very slowly and growth is insensitive to 2,4-dichlorophenoxybutyric acid. Thus mutant seedlings are severely impaired in β-oxidation, even though microarray analysis shows that β-oxidation genes are expressed normally. The mutant phenotype was complemented by expression of a cDNA encoding PMDH with either its native peroxisome targeting signal-2 (PTS2) targeting sequence or a heterologous PTS1 sequence. In contrast to the block in β-oxidation in mutant seedlings, [14C]acetate is readily metabolized into sugars and organic acids, thereby demonstrating normal activity of the glyoxylate cycle. We conclude that PMDH serves to reoxidize NADH produced from fatty acid β-oxidation and does not participate directly in the glyoxylate cycle.


Publication title

The Plant Journal








School of Natural Sciences


Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Place of publication

9600 Garsington Rd, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox4 2Dg

Rights statement

Copyright 2007 The Authors

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  • Restricted

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Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences

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