Association Between Pain at Sites Outside the Knee and Knee Cartilage Volume Loss in Elderly People Without Knee Osteoarthritis: A Prospective Study
METHODS: Data from the prospective Tasmanian Older Adult Cohort study was utilised (n=394; mean age, 63 years; range 52 to 79). Pain experience at multiple sites was assessed using a questionnaire at baseline. T1-weighted fat saturated MRI of the right knee was performed to assess the cartilage volume at baseline and after 2.6 years. Linear regression modelling was used with adjustment for potential confounders.
RESULTS: The median number of painful sites was 3 (range 0-7). There was a dose-response relationship between number of painful sites and knee cartilage volume loss at the lateral and total tibiofemoral compartments (Lateral: β=-0.28% per annum; Total: β=-0.25% per annum, both P for trend<0.05), but not the medial compartment. These associations were stronger in participants without radiographic knee osteoarthritis (P<0.05) and independent of age, sex, body mass index, physical activity, pain medication and knee structural abnormalities.
CONCLUSION: Number of painful sites independently predicts knee cartilage volume loss, especially in people without knee osteoarthritis, suggesting that widespread pain may be an early marker of more rapid knee cartilage loss in those without radiographic knee osteoarthritis. The underlying mechanism is unclear, but it is independent of anthropometrics, physical activity and knee structural abnormalities.
Publication titleArthritis Care & Research
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementCopyright 2016 American College of Rheumatology This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Pan, F and Laslett, L and Tian, J and Cicuttini, F and Winzenberg, T and Ding, C and Jones, G, Association Between Pain at Sites Outside the Knee and Knee Cartilage Volume Loss in Elderly People Without Knee Osteoarthritis: A Prospective Study, Arthritis Care & Research, 69, (5) pp. 659-666. ISSN 2151-464X (2017), which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/acr.22964 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.