Association of hearing impairment with incident depressive symptoms: a community-based prospective study
Methods: Using a prospective community-based cohort study in France (the Paris Prospective Study III), participants aged 50-75 years were recruited between 2008 and 2012 and thereafter followed up every 2 years up to 2018. Hearing impairment, measured at study recruitment by audiometry testing, was defined as a pure tone average >25 decibels in the better ear. Incident depressive symptoms, measured using the validated 13-item Questionnaire of Depression 2nd version, was assessed during follow-up. Multivariate generalized estimating equations were used to compute odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI).
Results: Among 7591 participants free of depressive symptoms at baseline (mean age 59.8 years, 63% of men), 14.3% had hearing impairment. Over 6 years of follow-up, 479 subjects (6.3%) had incident depressive symptoms. The OR for incident depressive symptoms was 1.36 for subjects with baseline hearing impairment (95% CI, 1.06-1.73). A pooled analysis of 4 published prospective studies yielded a multivariable relative risk of baseline hearing impairment for incident depressive symptoms of 1.29 (95% CI, 1.09-1.53).
Conclusions: In this community-based prospective cohort study of participants aged 50 to 75 years, baseline hearing impairment was associated with a 36% increased odds of incident depressive symptoms.
Publication titleAmerican Journal of Medicine
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherExcerpta Medica Inc
Place of publication650 Avenue Of The Americas, New York, USA, Ny, 10011
Rights statement© 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.