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Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder symptoms in an adult sample: Associations with Rothbart's temperament dimensions

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 07:21 authored by Gomez, R, Kyriakides, C, Devlin, E
Relationships between Rothbart's 13 temperament sub-dimensions and the Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) factors for the 2-factor model [inattention (IA) and hyperactivity/impulsivity (HI) domains] and the bifactor model (general ADHD, and specific factors for IA and HI) were examined in 267 adults from the general population. Regression analyses revealed that (1) both the IA and HI factors in the 2-factor model and the general ADHD factor in the bifactor model were predicted positively by sad, discomfort and associative sensitivity, and negatively by activation control, (2) the HI domain factor in the 2-factor model was also predicted negatively by inhibitory control, (3) the specific IA factor in the bifactor model was predicted negatively by activation control and attention control, and (4) the HI specific factor in the bifactor model was predicted negatively by inhibitory control and positively by sociability. These theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed.


Publication title

Personality and Individual Differences








School of Psychological Sciences


Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd

Place of publication

The Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Ox5 1Gb

Rights statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Behaviour and health

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