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Ballast Water Heating Offers a Superior Treatment Option
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-25, 22:17 authored by Rigby, G, Hallegraeff, GM, A Taylor
Ballast water regulations in place in many parts of the world to minimise the risks associated with the introduction and establishment of nonindigenous organisms into ports around the world currently require ship's Masters to undertake a range of approved management procedures, primarily based on exchanging the water at sea during the voyage. Limitations associated with ocean exchange have prompted significant research and development into alternative treatment techniques that will offer enhanced biological effectiveness and make practical implementation, ship's safety and cost more attractive.
Publication titleJournal of Marine Environmental Engineering