University Of Tasmania
151430 - Barriers and enablers to leisure provision in residential aged care personal care attendant perspectives.pdf (291.67 kB)

Barriers and enablers to leisure provision in residential aged care: personal care attendant perspectives

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 10:04 authored by Stoddart, SR, Helen Courtney-PrattHelen Courtney-Pratt, Sharon AndrewsSharon Andrews
This exploratory descriptive study investigated barriers and enablers to the provision of leisure activities for people living in three Australian residential aged care facilities (RACFs) that operated under a household model of care. This research is unique in the international context, as few studies have explored the understandings and experiences of personal care attendants' (PCAs) perceptions of what impacts leisure provision for people living in RACFs. Qualitative data were collected from 17 PCAs via four focus groups. Barriers to leisure provision were identified as PCA-resident ratios, competing demands of the PCA role and a prioritisation of physical care tasks over leisure-related activities. The severity of residents' dementia (cognitive and functional deficits) as well as behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia were also framed as barriers to participation in and the provision of leisure. Participants identified enablers of leisure provision as related to perceptions of leisure, the experiential knowledge of staff, organisational support and resourcing. The study findings suggest that enhancing leisure provision for people living with dementia will require attention to system issues (i.e. staffing levels, ratios, PCA role demands) as well as PCA knowledge and capability to facilitate person-centred leisure.


Publication title

Ageing & Society






Tasmanian School of Medicine


Cambridge University Press

Place of publication

United Kingdom

Rights statement

Copyright 2022 The Author(s). Published by Cambridge University Press Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives


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