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Borane-catalyzed stereoselective C–H Insertion, cyclopropanation, and ring-opening reactions
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-20, 19:44 authored by Dasgupta, A, Rasool BabaahmadiRasool Babaahmadi, Slater, B, Brian YatesBrian Yates, Alireza AriafardAlireza Ariafard, Melen, RL
Lewis acidic boranes have been shown to be effective metal-free catalysts for highly selective reactions of donor-acceptor diazo compounds to a range of substrates. The reactions of α-aryl α-diazoesters with nitrogen heterocycles indole or pyrrole selectively generate C3 and C2 C–H insertion products, respectively, in good to excellent yields even when using unprotected indoles. Alternatively, benzofuran, indene, and alkene substrates give exclusively cyclopropanated products with α-aryl α-diazoesters, whereas the reactions with furans lead to ring-opening. Comprehensive theoretical calculations have been used to explain the differing reactivities and high selectivities of these reactions. Overall, this work demonstrates the selective metal-free catalytic reactions of α-aryl α-diazoesters with (hetero)cycles and alkenes. This simple, mild reaction protocol represents an alternative to the commonly used precious metal systems and may provide future applications in the generation of biologically active compounds.
Australian Research Council
University of Wollongong
Department/SchoolCollege Office - College of Sciences and Engineering
Place of publicationUnited States