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Bounce Rock - A shergottite-like basalt encountered at Meridiani Planum, Mars

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-17, 11:32 authored by Zipfel, J, Schroder, C, Jolliff, BL, Gellert, R, Herkenhoff, KE, Rieder, R, Anderson, R, Bell III, JF, Bruckner, J, Crisp, JA, Christensen, PR, Clark, BC, de Souza Jr, PA, Dreibus, G, d'Uston, C, Economou, T, Gorevan, SP, Hahn, BC, Klingelhofer, G, McCoy, TJ, McSween Jr, HY, Ming, DW, Morris, RV, Rodionov, DS, Squyres, SW, Wanke, H, Wright, SP, Wyatt, MB, Yen, AS
The Opportunity rover of the Mars Exploration Rover mission encountered an isolated rock fragment with textural, mineralogical, and chemical properties similar to basaltic shergottites. This finding was confirmed by all rover instruments, and a comprehensive study of these results is reported here. Spectra from the miniature thermal emission spectrometer and the Panoramic Camera reveal a pyroxene-rich mineralogy, which is also evident in Mo ̈ ssbauer spectra and in normative mineralogy derived from bulk chemistry measured by the alpha particle X-ray spectrometer. The correspondence of Bounce Rock’s chemical composition with the composition of certain basaltic shergottites, especially Elephant Moraine (EET) 79001 lithology B and Queen Alexandra Range (QUE) 94201, is very close, with only Cl, Fe, and Ti exhibiting deviations. Chemical analyses further demonstrate characteristics typical of Mars such as the Fe⁄Mn ratio and P 1 Ó The Meteoritical Society, 2011. 2 J. Zipfel et al. concentrations. Possible shock features support the idea that Bounce Rock was ejected from an impact crater, most likely in the Meridiani Planum region. Bopolu crater, 19.3 km in diameter, located 75 km to the southwest could be the source crater. To date, no other rocks of this composition have been encountered by any of the rovers on Mars. The finding of Bounce Rock by the Opportunity rover provides further direct evidence for an origin of basaltic shergottite meteorites from Mars.

History

Publication title

Meteoritics and Planetary Science

Issue

1-20 (2011)

Pagination

EJ

ISSN

1945-5100

Department/School

School of Information and Communication Technology

Publisher

Meteoritical Soc

Place of publication

Dept Chemistry/Biochemistry, Univ Arkansas, Fayetteville, USA, Ar, 72701

Rights statement

Copyright 2011 The Meteoritical Society

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences

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