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Capillary scale admittance detection

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-18, 14:31 authored by Zhang, M, Stamos, BN, Amornthammarong, N, Dasgupta, PK
Techniques that have been variously termed oscillometric detection or (capacitively coupled) contactless conductivity detection (C4D) are known actually to respond to the admittance. It is not often appreciated that the frequency range (f) over which such systems respond (quasi)linearly with the cell conductance decreases acutely with increasing cell resistance. Guidance on optimum operating conditions for high cell resistance, such as for very small capillaries/channels and/or solutions of low specific conductance (σ), is scant. It is specially necessary in this case to take the capacitance of the solution into account. At high frequencies and low σ values, much of the current passes through the solution behaving as a capacitor and the capacitance is not very dependent on the exact solution specific conductance, resulting in poor, zero, or even negative response. We investigated, both theoretically and experimentally, capillaries with inner radii of 5–160 μm and σ ≈ 1–1400 μS/cm, resulting in cell resistances of 51 GΩ to 176 kΩ. A 400-element discrete model was used to simulate the behavior. As model inputs, both the wall capacitance and the stray capacitance were measured. The solution and leakage capacitances were estimated from extant models. The model output was compared to the measured response of the detection system over broad ranges of f and σ. Other parameters studied include capillary material and wall thickness, electrode spacing and length, Faraday shield thickness, excitation wave forms, and amplitude. The simulations show good qualitative agreement with experimental results and correctly predict the negative response behavior observed under certain conditions. We provide optimum frequencies for different operating conditions.


Publication title

Analytical Chemistry










School of Natural Sciences


Amer Chemical Soc

Place of publication

1155 16Th St, Nw, Washington, USA, Dc, 20036

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© 2014 American Chemical Society

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Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences