Circulation of modified Circumpolar Deep Water and basal melt beneath the Amery Ice Shelf, East Antarctica
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-18, 09:58 authored by Laura Herraiz-BorregueroLaura Herraiz-Borreguero, Richard ColemanRichard Coleman, Ian AllisonIan Allison, Stephen Rintoul, Craven, M, Guy Williams
Antarctic ice sheet mass loss has been linked to an increase in oceanic heat supply, which enhances basal melt and thinning of ice shelves. Here we detail the interaction of modified Circumpolar Deep Water (mCDW) with the Amery Ice Shelf, the largest ice shelf in East Antarctica, and provide the first estimates of basal melting due to mCDW. We use subice shelf ocean observations from a borehole site (AM02) situated ∼70 km inshore of the ice shelf front, together with open ocean observations in Prydz Bay. We find that mCDW transport into the cavity is about 0.22 ± 0.06 Sv (1 Sv = 106 m3 s−1). The inflow of mCDW drives a net basal melt rate of up to 2 ± 0.5 m yr−1 during 2001 (23.9 ± 6.52 Gt yr−1 from under about 12,800 km2 of the north-eastern flank of the ice shelf). The heat content flux by mCDW at AM02 shows high intra-annual variability (up to 40%). Our results suggest two main modes of subice shelf circulation and basal melt regimes: (1) the “ice pump”/high salinity shelf water circulation, on the western flank and (2) the mCDW meltwater-driven circulation in conjunction with the “ice pump,” on the eastern flank. These results highlight the sensitivity of the Amery's basal melting to changes in mCDW inflow. Improved understanding of such ice shelf-ocean interaction is crucial to refining projections of mass loss and associated sea level rise.
Australian Research Council
Publication titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementCopyright 2015 American Geophysical Union.