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Class IIa HDACs inhibit cell death pathways and protect muscle integrity in response to lipotoxicity.
journal contributionposted on 2023-12-06, 01:48 authored by Sheree D Martin, Timothy Connor, Andrew Sanigorski, Kevin A McEwen, Darren HenstridgeDarren Henstridge, Brunda Nijagal, David De Souza, Dedreia L Tull, Peter J Meikle, Greg M Kowalski, Clinton R Bruce, Paul Gregorevic, Mark A Febbraio, Fiona M Collier, Ken R Walder, Sean L McGee
Lipotoxicity, the accumulation of lipids in non-adipose tissues, alters the metabolic transcriptome and mitochondrial metabolism in skeletal muscle. The mechanisms involved remain poorly understood. Here we show that lipotoxicity increased histone deacetylase 4 (HDAC4) and histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5), which reduced the expression of metabolic genes and oxidative metabolism in skeletal muscle, resulting in increased non-oxidative glucose metabolism. This metabolic reprogramming was also associated with impaired apoptosis and ferroptosis responses, and preserved muscle cell viability in response to lipotoxicity. Mechanistically, increased HDAC4 and 5 decreased acetylation of p53 at K120, a modification required for transcriptional activation of apoptosis. Redox drivers of ferroptosis derived from oxidative metabolism were also reduced. The relevance of this pathway was demonstrated by overexpression of loss-of-function HDAC4 and HDAC5 mutants in skeletal muscle of obese db/db mice, which enhanced oxidative metabolic capacity, increased apoptosis and ferroptosis and reduced muscle mass. This study identifies HDAC4 and HDAC5 as repressors of skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism, which is linked to inhibition of cell death pathways and preservation of muscle integrity in response to lipotoxicity.
Publication titleCell Death Dis
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
- Published online