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144523 - Climate shapes the geographic distribution and introgressive spread of color ornamentation in common wall lizards.pdf (3.41 MB)
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Climate shapes the geographic distribution and introgressive spread of color ornamentation in common wall lizards

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posted on 2023-05-20, 23:31 authored by Maravillas Ruiz MinanoMaravillas Ruiz Minano, Geoffrey WhileGeoffrey While, Yang, W, Christopher BurridgeChristopher Burridge, Sacchi, R, Zuffi, M, Scali, S, Salvi, D, Uller, T
Climate can exert an effect on the strength of sexual selection, but empirical evidence is limited. Here, we tested if climate predicts the geographic distribution and introgressive spread of sexually selected male color ornamentation across 114 populations of the common wall lizard, Podarcis muralis. Coloration was highly structured across the landscape, and did not reflect genetic differentiation. Instead, color ornamentation was consistently exaggerated in hot and dry environments, suggesting that climate-driven selection maintains geographic variation in spite of gene flow. Introgression of color ornamentation into a distantly related lineage appears to be ongoing and was particularly pronounced in warm climates with wet winters and dry summers. Combined, these results suggest that sexual ornamentation is consistently favored in climates that allow a prolonged reproductive season and high and reliable opportunities for lizard activity. This pattern corroborates theoretical predictions that such climatic conditions reduce the temporal clustering of receptive females and increase male-male competition, resulting in strong sexual selection. In summary, we provide compelling evidence for the importance of climate for the evolution of color ornamentation, and demonstrate that geographic variation in the strength of sexual selection influences introgression of this phenotype.


Publication title

The American Naturalist




School of Natural Sciences


American Society of Naturalists/University of Chicago Press

Place of publication

United States

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Copyright 2021 The University of Chicago Press.

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Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the biological sciences

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