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Clinical and radiologic outcomes of the second-generation Trabecular Metal™ glenoid for total shoulder replacements after 2–6 years follow-up
Background: A porous tantalum glenoid component for total shoulder replacements was introduced in 2003 to promote biologic ingrowth. However, reports of component failure prompted design modifications. The purpose of this study is to present the largest series to date, of TSR with the second-generation Trabecular Metal™ glenoid component.
Method: A radiologic and clinical evaluation of the second-generation TM glenoid was conducted in consecutive cases of 76 shoulders (66 patients) with a mean follow-up of 43.2 months (range 24–72 months). Pre-operative VAS score, patient self-assessed ASES score, active shoulder range of motion, and radiologic assessment were recorded. Patients were recalled for latest follow-up clinical and radiologic evaluation.
Results: On latest follow-up, the mean VAS scores (pre-op: 6.4–latest: 0.9) and ASES scores (pre-op: 36.9–latest: 88.5) improved. Active range of motion improved in all planes. There was no report of glenoid component migration, loosening, or humeral stem subsidence. The incidence of non-progressive radiolucency in the glenoid was 6.6 % (Franklin 1: 3 cases, Franklin 2: 2 cases). Post-operative complications involved dislocation (n = 2) which were reduced in ED, post-operative stiffness (n = 1), transient axillary nerve neuropraxia (n = 1), and supraspinatus tear which underwent arthroscopic repair at 16 months post-op. There were no revision surgeries for implant loosening nor glenoid component fracture at the peg–base plate junction.
Conclusions: The modifications established in the second-generation TM glenoid resulted to improve early to mid-term survivorship and clinical outcomes in TSR, with promise of long-term implant stability through bony ingrowth.
Publication titleOrthopaedic Surgery
Department/SchoolSchool of Nursing
PublisherWiley-Blackwell Publishing Asia
Place of publicationAustralia
Rights statementCopyright 2016 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg