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Continental-scale climatic drivers of growth ring variability in an Australian conifer
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 10:25 authored by David BowmanDavid Bowman, Lynda PriorLynda Prior, Tng, DYP, Hua, Q, Timothy BrodribbTimothy Brodribb
Callitris is Australia's most successful and drought tolerant conifer genus. Callitris species are distributed across a huge geographical range from rainforest to arid zones, and hence they provide a rare opportunity to view plant growth trends across the continent. Here, we make a continental-scale examination of how climate influences basal diameter growth in Callitris. We sampled a total of five species but focused effort (23 of 28 samples) on the most widespread species, C. columellaris. Cores from a total of 23 trees were sampled from 15 sites that spanned a gradient in mean annual rainfall from 225 to 2117 mm and mean annual temperature from 11.5 to 28.2 Celsius degree. Ring production is not annual across much of the distribution of the genus, so 14C-AMS dating was used to establish the frequency of ring production for each core. Ring width, tracheid lumen diameter and number of tracheids per ring were also measured on each core. Ring production was close to annual at mesic sites with reliable alternation of rainfall or temperature regimes but was more erratic elsewhere. For C. columellaris, ring width significantly increased with mean annual rainfall (r2 = 0.49) as a result of wider and more tracheids per ring. For this species tracheid lumen diameter was correlated with annual rainfall (r2 = 0.61), with a threefold increase from the driest to the wettest sites, lending support to the hypothesis that conifers growing at drier sites will have narrow lumen diameters to maximise mechanical strength of the xylem.
Publication titleTrees: Structure and Function
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
Place of publication175 Fifth Ave, New York, USA, Ny, 10010
Rights statementCopyright 2011 Springer-Verlag.