University Of Tasmania
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Cosmic-ray short burst observed with the global muon detector network (GMDN) on 2015 June 22

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-19, 20:03 authored by Munakata, K, Kozai, M, Evenson, P, Kuwabara, T, Kato, C, Tokumaru, M, Rockenbach, M, Dal Lago, A, de Mendonca, RRS, Braga, CR, Schuch, NJ, Al Jassar, HK, Sharma, MM, Marcus DuldigMarcus Duldig, John Humble, Sabbah, I, Kota, J
We analyze the short cosmic-ray intensity increase (“cosmic-ray burst”: CRB) on 2015 June 22 utilizing a global network of muon detectors and derive the global anisotropy of cosmic-ray intensity and the density (i.e., the omnidirectional intensity) with 10 minute time resolution. We find that the CRB was caused by a local density maximum and an enhanced anisotropy of cosmic rays, both of which appeared in association with Earth’s crossing of the heliospheric current sheet (HCS). This enhanced anisotropy was normal to the HCS and consistent with a diamagnetic drift arising from the spatial gradient of cosmic-ray density, which indicates that cosmic rays were drifting along the HCS from the north of Earth. We also find a significant anisotropy along the HCS, lasting a few hours after the HCS crossing, indicating that cosmic rays penetrated into the inner heliosphere along the HCS. Based on the latest geomagnetic field model, we quantitatively evaluate the reduction of the geomagnetic cutoff rigidity and the variation of the asymptotic viewing direction of cosmic rays due to a major geomagnetic storm that occurred during the CRB and conclude that the CRB is not caused by the geomagnetic storm, but by a rapid change in the cosmic-ray anisotropy and density outside the magnetosphere.


Publication title

The Astrophysical Journal



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School of Natural Sciences


Univ Chicago Press

Place of publication

1427 E 60Th St, Chicago, USA, Il, 60637-2954

Rights statement

Copyright 2018 The American Astronomical Society

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  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the physical sciences