CostlyParasite.pdf (81.95 kB)
Costly parasite resistance: a genotype-dependent handicap in sand lizards?
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-16, 16:35 authored by Olsson, M, Erik WapstraErik Wapstra, Madsen, T, Ujvari, B, Rugfelt, C
Male sand lizards (Lacerta agilis) with a specific restriction fragment length polymorphism fragment in their major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genotype ('O-males') are more resistant to ectoparasites (a tick, Ixodes ricinus) than are males that lack this fragment ('NO-males'). However, emerging evidence suggests that such adaptive immune responses are costly, here manifested by reduced body condition and a compromised defence against secondary infections by haemoprotid parasites that use the ticks as vectors. Subsequent to tick encounter, O-males suffer from a higher leucocyte-erythrocyte ratio, and higher haemoprotid parasitaemia, in particular in relation to vector encounter rate. Furthermore, O-males (i.e. successful tick defenders) with more haemoprotid parasites remaining in their blood stream were in better body condition, whereas this did not apply in NO-males, demonstrating that the adaptive immunoreaction can-in the short term-be energetically even more costly than being moderately parasitized. In agreement with Zahavian handicap theory, O-males had a (marginally) higher reproductive success than males that lacked this fragment. Â© 2005 The Royal Society.
Publication titleBiology Letters
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
PublisherRoyal Society of London
Place of publicationUK