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Counting stars: contribution of early career scientists to marine and fisheries sciences
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-21, 15:11 authored by Smolinski, S, Ottmann, D, Outinen, O, Schadeberg, A, Melli, V, Funk, L, Denechaud, C, Wieczorek, A, Orio, A, Mussgnug, R, Morkune, R, Vereide, EH, Zdulska, M, Genevieve PhillipsGenevieve Phillips, Lischenko, F, Srebaliene, G
Scientific careers and publishing have radically changed in recent decades creating an increasingly competitive environment for early career scientists (ECS). The lack of quantitative data available on ECS in marine and fisheries sciences prevents direct assessment of the consequences of increased competitiveness. We assessed the contributions of ECS (up to 6 years post first publication) to the field using an indirect approach by investigating the authorships of peer-reviewed articles. We analysed 118461 papers published by 184561 authors in the top 20 marine and fisheries sciences journals over the years 1991-2020. We identified a positive long-term trend in the proportion of scientific articles (co-)authored by ECS. This suggests a growing contribution by ECS to publications in the field. However, the mean proportion of ECS (co-)authors within one publication declined significantly over the study period. Subsequent tests demonstrated that articles with ECS (co-)authors receive fewer citations and that the proportion of ECS (co-)authors on an article has a significant negative effect on the number of citations. We discuss the potential causes of these inequalities and urge systematic support to ECS to achieve more balanced opportunities for funding and publishing between ECS and senior scientists.
Publication titleICES Journal of Marine Science
Department/SchoolInstitute for Marine and Antarctic Studies
PublisherAcademic Press Ltd Elsevier Science Ltd
Place of publication24-28 Oval Rd, London, England, Nw1 7Dx
Rights statement© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.