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Culture variabilities of human iPSC-derived cerebral organoids are a major Issue for the modelling of phenotypes observed in Alzheimer's Disease

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 00:14 authored by Hernandez, D, Rooney, LA, Daniszewski, M, Gulluyan, L, Liang, HH, Anthony CookAnthony Cook, Alexander HewittAlexander Hewitt, Pebay, A
Apolipoprotein E (APOE) is the most important susceptibility gene for late onset of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), with the presence of APOE-ε4 associated with increased risk of developing AD. Here, we reprogrammed human fibroblasts from individuals with different APOE-ε genotypes into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), and generated isogenic lines with different APOE profiles. Following characterisation of the newly established iPSC lines, we used an unguided/unpatterning differentiation method to generate six-month-old cerebral organoids from all iPSC lines to assess the suitability of this in vitro system to measure APOE, β amyloid, and Tau phosphorylation levels. We identified variabilities in the organoids’ cell composition between cell lines, and between batches of differentiation for each cell line. We observed more homogenous cerebral organoids, and similar levels of APOE, β amyloid, and Tau when using the CRISPR-edited APOE isogenic lines, with the exception of one site of Tau phosphorylation which was higher in the APOE-ε4/ε4 organoids. These data describe that pathological hallmarks of AD are observed in cerebral organoids, and that their variation is mainly independent of the APOE-ε status of the cells, but associated with the high variability of cerebral organoid differentiation. It demonstrates that the cell-line-to-cell-line and batch-to batch variabilities need to be considered when using cerebral organoids.


Publication title

Stem Cell Reviews and Reports




Wicking Dementia Research Education Centre


Humana Press

Place of publication

United States

Rights statement

Copyright The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2021

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Socio-economic Objectives

Expanding knowledge in the biomedical and clinical sciences

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