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Developing a novel methodology for ecological risk assessment of thiosalts
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-18, 03:35 authored by Fahd, F, Faisal KhanFaisal Khan, Hawboldt, K, Rouzbeh AbbassiRouzbeh Abbassi
A new methodology is developed to estimate an aquatic community toxicity threshold concentration based on the limited toxicity data that are available for thiosalts. To analyze the indirect effect of thiosalts on decreasing pH, an exposure model is developed that estimates the residual concentration of thiosalts and pH in the water body. The results from this model are incorporated in thiosalts risk assessment and a case study is used to illustrate the applicability of the proposed model. In this study, the exposure model predicts that, trithionate and tetrathionate degraded to SO4 2- ions, HSO3 - ions, SO3 2- ions and elemental sulfur. The concentration of thiosulfate, trithionate and tetrathionate, initially at 25, 40 and 6 mg/L, respectively are expected to decrease. Over the duration of 77 h, thiosulfate degrades completely, while the estimated residual trithionate and tetrathionate concentrations are 13 and 5.77 mg/L, respectively. pH of the undiluted effluent is estimated to decrease from 9.2 to 5.6 within an hour of the effluent discharge and decreases further to 4 over a period of next 3 days. A framework and methodology developed in this paper can be utilized to estimate the potential direct and indirect risk of thiosalts exposure to ecological entities. Â© 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Publication titleStochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment
Department/SchoolAustralian Maritime College
Place of publication175 Fifth Ave, New York, USA, Ny, 10010
Rights statementCopyright 2014 Springer Verlag