Disorder-specific versus transdiagnostic and clinician-guided versus self-guided treatment for major depressive disorder and comorbid anxiety disorders: A randomized controlled trial
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-18, 16:20 authored by Titov, N, Dear, BF, Staples, LG, Terides, MD, Karin, E, Sheehan, J, Johnston, L, Gandy, M, Fogliati, VJ, Wootton, BM, McEvoy, PM
Disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (DS-CBT) is effective at treating major depressive disorder (MDD) while transdiagnostic CBT (TD-CBT) addresses both principal and comorbid disorders by targeting underlying and common symptoms. The relative benefits of these two models of therapy have not been determined. Participants with MDD (n = 290) were randomly allocated to receive an internet delivered TD-CBT or DS-CBT intervention delivered in either clinician-guided (CG-CBT) or self-guided (SG-CBT) formats. Large reductions in symptoms of MDD (Cohen’s d ≥ 1.44; avg. reduction ≥ 45%) and moderate-to-large reductions in symptoms of comorbid generalised anxiety disorder (Cohen’s d ≥ 1.08; avg. reduction ≥ 43%), social anxiety disorder (Cohen’s d ≥ 0.65; avg. reduction ≥ 29%) and panic disorder (Cohen’s d ≥ 0.45; avg. reduction ≥ 31%) were found. No marked or consistent differences were observed across the four conditions, highlighting the efficacy of different forms of CBT at treating MDD and comorbid disorders.
Publication titleJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Department/SchoolSchool of Psychological Sciences
PublisherPergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Place of publicationUnited States
Rights statementCopyright 2015 The Authors Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/