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140896 - Duty-cycle and energetics of remnant radio-loud AGN.pdf (612.66 kB)

Duty-cycle and energetics of remnant radio-loud AGN

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 17:47 authored by Ross TurnerRoss Turner
Deriving the energetics of remnant and restarted active galactic nuclei (AGNs) is much more challenging than for active sources due to the complexity in accurately determining the time since the nucleus switched-off. I resolve this problem using a new approach that combines spectral ageing and dynamical models to tightly constrain the energetics and duty-cycles of dying sources. Fitting the shape of the integrated radio spectrum yields the fraction of the source age the nucleus is active; this, in addition to the flux density, source size, axis ratio, and properties of the host environment, provides a constraint on dynamical models describing the remnant radio source. This technique is used to derive the intrinsic properties of the well-studied remnant radio source B2 0924+30. This object is found to spend 50+14-12 Myr in the active phase and a further 28+6-5 Myr in the quiescent phase, have a jet kinetic power of 3.6+3.0-1.7 ×1037W⁠, and a lobe magnetic field strength below equipartition at the 8σ level. The integrated spectra of restarted and intermittent radio sources are found to yield a ‘steep-shallow’ shape when the previous outburst occurred within 100Myr⁠. The duty-cycle of B2 0924+30 is hence constrained to be δ < 0.15 by fitting the shortest time to the previous comparable outburst that does not appreciably modify the remnant spectrum. The time-averaged feedback energy imparted by AGNs into their host galaxy environments can in this manner be quantified.


Publication title

Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society








School of Natural Sciences


Blackwell Publishing Ltd

Place of publication

9600 Garsington Rd, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox4 2Dg

Rights statement

Copyright 2018 The Author. This article has been accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society ©2018 The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

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