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Early life arsenic exposure and acute and long-term responses to influenza A infection in mice
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-17, 22:52 authored by Ramsey, KA, Foong, RE, Sly, PD, Larcombe, AN, Graeme ZoskyGraeme Zosky
BACKGROUND: Arsenic is a significant global environmental health problem. Exposure to arsenic in early life has been shown to increase the rate of respiratory infections during infancy, reduce childhood lung function, and increase the rates of bronchiectasis in early adulthood. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine if early life exposure to arsenic exacerbates the response to early life influenza infection in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were exposed to arsenic in utero and throughout postnatal life. At 1 week of age, a subgroup of mice were infected with influenza A. We then assessed the acute and long-term effects of arsenic exposure on viral clearance, inflammation, lung structure, and lung function. RESULTS: Early life arsenic exposure reduced the clearance of and exacerbated the inflammatory response to influenza A, and resulted in acute and long-term changes in lung mechanics and airway structure. CONCLUSIONS: Increased susceptibility to respiratory infections combined with exaggerated inflammatory responses throughout early life may contribute to the development of bronchiectasis in arsenic-exposed populations.
Publication titleEnvironmental Health Perspectives
Department/SchoolTasmanian School of Medicine
PublisherUs Dept Health Human Sciences Public Health Science
Place of publicationNatl Inst Health, Natl Inst Environmental Health Sciences, Po Box 12233, Res Triangle Pk, USA, Nc, 27709-2233