University Of Tasmania
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Effect of different culture methods on growth and survival of the snout otter clam, Lutraria philippinarum, in Bai Tu Long Bay, Vietnam

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 16:25 authored by Giang, CT, Sarah UgaldeSarah Ugalde, In, VV, Thuy, TT, Muu, TT, Huyen, VT, Lua, DT, Minh, TTN, Khuyen, TD, Khoi, LV, Sang, VV
This is the first study to examine the effect of three different cultivation methods (bottom-tray culture, suspended-tray culture, and beach/bottom culture) on the growth and survival rates of the snout otter clam, Lutraria philippinarum, after 12 months of grow-out cultivation from seed to commercial size. Analyses included weight, survival, shell size, and total fat. Although the results showed limited differences in growth among cultivation methods, survival rates were significantly different among three different culture methods. The bottom-tray cultivation method had the highest survival rate (76.5%), compared with suspended-tray cultivation (31.6%) and beach/bottom cultivation (52.5%). This demonstrates that the most suitable method for commercial snout otter clam farming is cultivation trays placed on the bottom of the substrate. Improving commercial farming of the species will support the development and expansion of aquaculture in Vietnam and elsewhere, while reducing the harvest pressure on wild populations.


Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research


Publication title

Aquaculture Journal






Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies



Place of publication


Rights statement

© 2023 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) license, (

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Environmentally sustainable animal production not elsewhere classified; Aquaculture molluscs (excl. oysters); Expanding knowledge in the agricultural, food and veterinary sciences