University Of Tasmania

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Effect of incubation temperature on aerobic plate counts of beef and sheep carcasses

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-26, 11:36 authored by Simmons, JL, Tamplin, ML, Jenson, I, John Sumner
Australian regulations for microbiological testing of carcasses specify a number of incubation temperatures and media for meat processed at both domestic and export establishments. Accordingly, the effect of incubation temperature and media on aerobic plate counts of samples from beef and sheep carcasses was investigated. For both species, aerobic plate counts on Petrifilm incubated at 35oC were significantly lower than those counts on Petrifilm and pour plates incubated at 25 and 30oC, reflecting the inability of many psychrotrophs to grow at 35oC. When samples were taken from carcasses that had been stored in abattoir chillers for periods between 16 h and 5 days, difference between counts at 35C versus those incubated at 25 and 300C became greater as the period of refrigerated storage increased. For export beef carcasses, the effect of this difference is minimal, since the vast majority of counts incubated at 35oC are done on carcasses that have been chilled for less than 24 h and will not have a large proportion of psychrotrophs.


Publication title

Journal of Food Protection



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  • Published

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Reprinted with permission from the Journal of Food Protection. Copyright held by the International Association for Food Protection, Des Moines, Iowa, U.S.A.

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