University Of Tasmania
Khunti et al 2012 DESMOND 3yrs.pdf (420.89 kB)

Effectiveness of a diabetes education and self management programme (DESMOND) for people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus: three year follow-up of a cluster randomised controlled trial in primary care

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posted on 2023-05-17, 16:06 authored by Khunti, K, Gray, LJ, Skinner, T, Carey, ME, Realf, K, Dallosso, H, Fisher, H, Campbell, M, Heller, S, Davies, MJ
Abstract Objective To measure whether the benefits of a single education and self management structured programme for people with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus are sustained at three years. Design Three year follow-up of a multicentre cluster randomised controlled trial in primary care, with randomisation at practice level. Setting 207 general practices in 13 primary care sites in the United Kingdom. Participants 731 of the 824 participants included in the original trial were eligible for follow-up. Biomedical data were collected on 604 (82.6%) and questionnaire data on 513 (70.1%) participants. Intervention A structured group education programme for six hours delivered in the community by two trained healthcare professional educators compared with usual care. Main outcome measures The primary outcome was glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) levels. The secondary outcomes were blood pressure, weight, blood lipid levels, smoking status, physical activity, quality of life, beliefs about illness, depression, emotional impact of diabetes, and drug use at three years.


Publication title

British Medical Journal



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Tasmanian School of Medicine


BMJ Group

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BMA House, Tavistock Sq, London, WC1H 9JR, UK

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Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic (CC BY-NC 2.0)

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  • Open

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Clinical health not elsewhere classified

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