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Effectiveness of parental cocooning as a vaccination strategy to prevent pertussis infection in infants: A case-control study
Background: During a pertussis epidemic in 2009, the Department of Health, Victoria, Australia, implemented a cocoon program offering parents of new babies a funded-dose of pertussis-containing vaccine.We assessed vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the program in reducing pertussis infection in infants.
Methods: Using a matched case-control design, infants aged <12 months that were notified with pertussis between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2011, and born during the time that the cocoon program was in place, were identified. Controls were matched by area of residence and date of birth. Telephone interviews we conducted to ascertain parents' vaccination status, and if vaccinated, timing of vaccination receipt relative to the birth of their baby. Odds ratios (ORs) were calculated for the association between vaccination and pertussis infection, with VE calculated as (1 - OR) 100%.
Results: The study recruited 215 cases and 240 controls (response rates 67% and 25% of eligible participants,respectively). Vaccination of both parents after delivery of the infant and 28 days prior to illness onset reduced pertussis infection by 77% (Vaccine Effectiveness [VE] = 77% (confidence interval [95% CI],18-93%). After adjusting for maternal education, presence of a sibling within the household, and the infants' primary course vaccination status, the adjusted VE was 64% (95% CI, -58-92%).
Conclusions: Although not reaching statistical significance, our results demonstrated that cocoon immunisation - where both parents are vaccinated in the post-partum period â€“ may offer some protection again infant pertussis infection. Cocoon immunisation could be considered in circumstances where antenatal vaccination of the mother has not occurred.
Department/SchoolTasmanian School of Medicine
PublisherElsevier Sci Ltd
Place of publicationThe Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox5 1Gb
Rights statementCrown Copyright ?2018 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.