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Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife: a critical perspective
journal contributionposted on 2023-05-18, 09:35 authored by Tompkins, DM, Scott CarverScott Carver, Menna JonesMenna Jones, Krkosek, M, Skerratt, LF
We review the literature to distinguish reports of vertebrate wildlife disease emergence with sufficient evidence, enabling a robust assessment of emergence drivers. For potentially emerging agents that cannot be confirmed, sufficient data on prior absence (or a prior difference in disease dynamics) are frequently lacking. Improved surveillance, particularly for neglected host taxa, geographical regions and infectious agents, would enable more effective management should emergence occur. Exposure to domestic sources of infection and human-assisted exposure to wild sources were identified as the two main drivers of emergence across host taxa; the domestic source was primary for fish while the wild source was primary for other taxa. There was generally insufficient evidence for major roles of other hypothesized drivers of emergence.
National Science Foundation
Publication titleTrends in Parasitology
Department/SchoolSchool of Natural Sciences
PublisherElsevier Sci Ltd
Place of publicationThe Boulevard, Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford, England, Oxon, Ox5 1Gb
Rights statementCopyright 2015 Elsevier Ltd.