Energy drink intake is associated with insomnia and decreased daytime functioning in young adult females
Objective:To investigate the association between energy drink (ED) use and sleep-related disturbances in a population-based sample of young adults from the Raine Study.
Design: Analysis of cross-sectional data obtained from self-administered questionnaires to assess ED use and sleep disturbance (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ-10) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Symptoms Questionnaire-Insomnia (PSSQ-I)). Regression modelling was used to estimate the effect of ED use on sleep disturbances. All models adjusted for various potential confounders.
Setting: Western Australia.
Participants: Males and females, aged 22 years, from Raine Study Gen2-22 year follow-up.
Results: Of the 1115 participants, 66 % were never/rare users (i.e. once/month to
Conclusions: We found a positive association between ED use and sleep disturbances in young adult females. Given the importance of sleep for overall health, and ever-increasing ED use, intervention strategies are needed to curb ED use in young adults, particularly females. Further research is needed to determine causation and elucidate reasons for gender-specific findings.
Publication titlePublic Health Nutrition
Department/SchoolMenzies Institute for Medical Research
PublisherC A B I Publishing
Place of publicationC/O Publishing Division, Wallingford, England, Oxon, Ox10 8De
Rights statement© The Author(s), 2020