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Energy drink intake is associated with insomnia and decreased daytime functioning in young adult females

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-20, 16:55 authored by Trapp, GS, Hurworth, M, Jacoby, P, Maddison, K, Allen, K, Martin, K, Christian, H, Ambrosini, GL, Wendy OddyWendy Oddy, Eastwood, PR

Objective:To investigate the association between energy drink (ED) use and sleep-related disturbances in a population-based sample of young adults from the Raine Study.

Design: Analysis of cross-sectional data obtained from self-administered questionnaires to assess ED use and sleep disturbance (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire (FOSQ-10) and the Pittsburgh Sleep Symptoms Questionnaire-Insomnia (PSSQ-I)). Regression modelling was used to estimate the effect of ED use on sleep disturbances. All models adjusted for various potential confounders.

Setting: Western Australia.

Participants: Males and females, aged 22 years, from Raine Study Gen2-22 year follow-up.

Results: Of the 1115 participants, 66 % were never/rare users (i.e. once/month to

Conclusions: We found a positive association between ED use and sleep disturbances in young adult females. Given the importance of sleep for overall health, and ever-increasing ED use, intervention strategies are needed to curb ED use in young adults, particularly females. Further research is needed to determine causation and elucidate reasons for gender-specific findings.


Publication title

Public Health Nutrition






Menzies Institute for Medical Research


C A B I Publishing

Place of publication

C/O Publishing Division, Wallingford, England, Oxon, Ox10 8De

Rights statement

© The Author(s), 2020

Repository Status

  • Open

Socio-economic Objectives

Behaviour and health; Nutrition

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