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Evaluating approaches for developing elite Acacia hybrid clones in Vietnam: Towards an updated strategy

journal contribution
posted on 2023-05-21, 13:05 authored by Son, DH, Harwood, CE, Kien, ND, Anthony GriffinAnthony Griffin, Thinh, HH, Son, L
Acacia hybrid (A. mangium A-A. auriculiformis) clones are planted on a large scale in Vietnam and it is desirable to expand the genetic base beyond the 10 commercial clones that comprise most of the plantation estate. Two approaches for developing elite clones from new Acacia hybrid genotypes derived from open-pollinated pure-species seedlots were compared. Method 1 involved identifying candidates in the nursery on the basis of seedling morphology followed by field trials of about 5000 putative hybrid seedlings. At 2 years, the best 3% of seedling candidates were reselected, captured and propagated for clonal screening trials. Method 2 captured and then clonally tested all putative hybrid genotypes identified on their morphology in pure-species field progeny trials at age 2 years. Method 1 was found to be much more effective at identifying promising new clones. Eighty-one of 196 candidate clones from this method had stem diameters at 2-3 years greater than or equal to the mean of commercial clone controls included in the clone trials. Method 2 yielded only 13 similarly promising new clones from 262 candidates. Maternal parents of both species yielded promising new clones. Overall timelines and a strategy are proposed and discussed for developing new elite Acacia hybrid clones, superior not only in growth but also in disease tolerance, wind-firmness and other important traits.


Publication title

Journal of Tropical Forest Science










School of Natural Sciences


Forest Research Inst Malaysia

Place of publication

Publication Unit, Kepong, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 52109

Rights statement

© 2018 Forest Research Institute Malaysia

Repository Status

  • Restricted

Socio-economic Objectives

Forestry not elsewhere classified